Rules to follow for a thematic analysis

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Thematic analysis is the go-to technique in most of the quantitative researches. The best utilization of the thematic analysis can be useful for the analysis of the data in any research. There are some rules that can lead to a linear and inflexible data analysis. These rules are used in relation to research questions and the data which is available. 
The following rules are followed for a thematic analysis:

1. Familiarise yourself with the data you have

In this step, the researcher needs to be fully engaged in the data that he has by reading, transcribing the interactions, and by listening the recordings. Initial plans and ideas need to be noted and the researcher needs to have a comprehensive knowledge and understanding of his content and is familiar of his data as this step is the foundation of the analysis.

2. Generating Initial Codes:

Once the researcher is familiar with the data, the next step is that the researcher must be start identifying the preliminary codes that are the feature of his data that look interesting as well as meaningful. These codes are more specific then themes and provide an indication of content of conversation.

3. Searching of themes:

This step involves the start of the interpretative analysis of the codes. The extracts of relevant data are combined or spilt accordingly and the thought process of the researcher must be alludedto relationship between the themes, codes, and the subthemes.

4. Reviewing themes:

A thorough review of the themes that are identified is conducted and the research must know whether to refine, separate, combine or to discard the initial themes.

5. Defining and Naming Themes:

This step includes the refining and defining of the themes as well as the potential subthemes within the data. Online analysis is needed to further enhance the themes that are identified. The researcher needs to provide clear definitions and the names to the themes.

6. Producing the report:

The researcher at this stage needs to transform and generate the report into an interpretable piece of writing material by utilising vivid andcompelling extracts of the report related to the themes, research questions and the literature. The results of the reports must be convincing to the reader of the validity and the merit of the analysis. Moreover, it should be beyond the mere description of the portray a supportive analysis and the themes which should be supported with the evidences and empirical data that are addressing the research questions.

By following the steps efficiently, one can generate a good and impressive thematic analysis report. These rules are very beneficial for getting excellent results of the analysis reports and are adopted and followed by many researchers on a large scale around the globe. These rules are presented by the experts to provide excellent guidance to its followers.


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